THE PEOPLE IN THE LIFE AND
TIMES OF LACHLAN AND ELIZABETH MACQUARIE
September 1766 inLondon, England.
September 1766 at Scotch Church, Swallow Street,
Arrived Sydney: 25th October 1794.
transported for Life.
– maiden name not known,
in London, England.
Died: 28th January
1846 at Richmond,
January 1846 at St Peter’s Cemetery,Richmond, N.S.W.
Before the Macquarie era the following children were born to James and
James William born
c1788 in London, England.
c1792 in London,
William George born on the 20th
Jnauary 1795 in Sydney, N.S.W.
Elizabeth born on the 18th
Phillis born on the 18th February
Jane born ?, died1798.
James Somerville was
described as 5’ 5” tall, with sandy hair, blue eyes and
a fair “pox-marked” complexion, aged 25, when he was
arrested on the 22nd February 1793. Along with William Turnbull they
and convicted for burglary on the10th April 1793 at the Middlesex Old
Sessions presided over by Lord Keyon. The jury returned a guilty
verdict and both men were sentenced to death. A second indictment of
Somerville for burglary was not proceeded with. On the
23rd September 1793, James was sent from Newgate goal to the
Thames Hulk Stanislaus and he was embarked on the Surprize on 11th
1794. He was one of five male convicts transported on the Surprize who
were born in England, the other male convicts were all Scots.
name appears to have been Sommervaill, he is known to have signed his
name before and after his conviction as James Sommervaill although he
was tried and convicted as Somerville; his descendants appear to
have continued with this spelling.
James was granted a Conditional Pardon in June 1801, when he was
described as an overseer. In April 1804 he was a member of the Sydney
Loyal Association, and on the 19 May 1812
he was a witness at St Phillip’s Church Sydney at the double wedding of
his twin daughters Phillis and
Elizabeth, the girls being aged 16 years at the time. By 1814 James was
Charlotte Hartley and he was described as a carpenter of Parramatta
District and his partner as a convict with four children (fathered by
another man). In 1822 he was recorded as an employed by Rev. Thomas
Reddall in the Liverpool District.
His relationship with Charlotte
Hartley broke down at some point between 1815 and 1824. In 1825 James
is recorded as a carpenter at Minto. In the 1828 census he was recorded
as a carpenter of Richmond aged 62, apparently living alone, holding a
16 acre farm which was fully cultivated. James Somerville died at
Richmond on the 28th January 1846, his burial was registered at St
Richmond on the 30 January 1846 and he was described as a carpenter
Researched & submitted by
Association member Rex Webb.
The Proceedings of the old Bailey
1675-1913 - online.
The Convict Indents Musters and Lists of NSW Various editions.
Census of New South Wales 1828.
The 1788-1820 Association’s Pioneer Register Second
Edition, Volume 1. Dr. C. J. Smee & Mrs J. S. Provis, 1981.
Michael Flynn, Settlers
and Seditionists. 1994.
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