THE 1788 - 1820 PIONEER ASSOCIATION INC.

THE PEOPLE IN THE LIFE AND TIMES OF LACHLAN AND ELIZABETH MACQUARIE

Mary Hitchen (Hitchin)

Born: c1786 Halifax Yorkshire England.
Arrived Sydney: 17th September 1818 (as Mary Buckley).
Status: Convict – Seven years transportation.
Married: James Buckley in August 1805 at Halifax Yorkshire, England.
Occupation: Cotton weaver.
Died: 12th September 1855 at Parramatta, N.S.W.
Buried: 13th September 1855 at Parramatta, N.S.W.

Profile:
Mary Buckley (nee Hitchen) was convicted of larceny at Lancaster Quarter Sessions in 1817, and was sentenced to transportation for seven years. She had married James Buckley at Halifax Yorkshire in August 1805 and at the time of her sentence had five children aged from one to twelve. She was sentenced after her husband James (for a similar offence) but arrived in the Colony, together with four of their five children, two months before him on the female convict ship ‘Maria’.

On arrival she and her four children were forwarded to ‘The Factory’ at Parramatta. She and James obviously lived as a family unit in Parramatta as they had five more children born at Parramatta between 1819 and 1826. In the 1828 Census, they were listed as a family, protestant, living at Parramatta with eight children living with them, and owning one horse and three cows. Mary and James both received their Certificate of Freedom on the same day on 16th March 1826.

Submitted by Association member, Wal Gallagher.

Reference:
A Register of Pioneer Families, Volume 2, Pages 65 to 72, published by The 1788-1820 Pioneer Association Inc.

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